Water Properties

Water's Chemical Properties




A molecule of water is composed of 2 hydrogen atoms and 1 atom of oxygen. The atoms align in such a way that the molecule becomes slightly polarized, that is, the hydrogen end has a positive charge and the oxygen end has a negative charge. The result is that water molecules are "sticky"; they tend to align negative end to positive end and stick together.



Water is called the "universal solvent" because it can dissolve more substances than any other liquid. Wherever water travels, whether through the air, the ground or through our bodies, it carries with it many other substances; nutrients, chemicals and minerals.



Pure water has a pH of 7.0. It is neither acid (pH < 7.0) nor basic (pH > 7.0).